On many traditional cotton farms, the soil is most often sterile because of the depletion of nutrients and pesticides. As a result, farmers must rely on additives, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, plus vast quantities of water to keep their crops growing. In contrast, organic farming restores and builds up the soil, increasing its organic content which, in turn, increases its water-sustaining ability. The rich, moist earth results in stronger plants, which improves the soil even more.
Far less water runs off organic fields, and what does run off is not polluted with pesticides or synthetic fertilizers. Organic cotton must be processed separately from conventional cotton and machines must be cleaned to avoid contamination. For 100% organic products, only environmentally friendly chemicals that meet organic fiber processing standards are used. Cotton is a natural fiber and therefore is also biodegradable.
Recycling begins with discarded materials (such as water bottles and yogurt containers) which are stripped of their labels and lids, crushed, baled, washed and smashed. They are turned into pellets, which are then made into PET fibers that are then spun into yarn, woven or knit into fabrics and made into finished products.
Corn plastics are made from PLA (polylactide/polylactic acid). PLA is made from corn. Corn plastic products look and feel just like regular plastic, but they are 100% biodegradable and compostable. In commercial composting conditions, PLA will compost in approximately 30-45 days. Most landfills are not designed to allow biodegrading of their contents. With that being said, PLA will react in landfills like other organic waste such as food. Since PLA is made from a renewable resource ? corn ? instead of regular plastic that is made from oil, our dependence on foreign petroleum is reduced, benefiting the U.S. farm economy.
An additive added to products that extends the polymer chain of plastic and allows the microorganisms to enhance the breakdown of the plastic. Products with this additive breakdown in a landfill or compost heap in just 1-5 years. Products with enhanced biodegradability have the same shelf life and other properties of products without the additive and are not affected differently by heat, air or sunlight. This additive contains no heavy metals and is recognized as safe by the FDA for food contact.